Sunday, July 11, 2010

Letter to all MEPs: In 9th of July of 1821 we had in Cyprus the massacre by Turks, of 486 notable Greek Cypriots

We copy a letter Euripides Billis, Ex – Assistant Professor of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA). Says a lot about the history of Turkish brutality on Cyprus. 

Make sure you use the letter and distribute it, as it contains important facts about the history of Cyprus and Turkish brutality.  

Honorable Members of the European Parliament,

In 1821 we had the Greek revolution against Turks.

This year in 9th of July of 1821 we had in Cyprus the massacre by Turks, of 486 notable Greek Cypriots.

Even the fact that in the island of Cyprus there existed that time calm, the Turk governor of Cyprus Mehmet Küçük asked from the Sultan Mahmud II (1785-1839) his permit to kill 486 notable members of Cyprus Greek community so as Greek people of Cyprus to remain without leaders.

Of course the permit was given the 486 Greek Cypriot were then Killed.

Between them were included, the archbishop of Cyprus Kyprianos and all the Bishops of Cyprus. The archbishop of Cyprus Kyprianos was hanged and all the others were massacred.

If you ever been in Nicosia you may see in the yard of Madonna Phaneromeni church the mausoleum of the hanged archbishop Kyprianos and of massacred Bishops of Cyprus.

This was the kind of Ottoman Turkish Empire for which the foreign minister of Turkey Davoutoglou stated many times recently how "ideal" was.

As you may below see, every date is an anniversary of Turkish massacres in different countries of the late Ottoman Turkish Empire.

The written below data are from the George Horton (late Consul of US in Smyrna until its destruction by Turks in 1922) book "The Blight of Asia" which you may find in Google.

Turkey beyond these data continued until recent years its genocides against Greek in Constantinople in 1955 and 1963, against the Greek people of Imvros and Tenedos islands and against Greek Cypriots during its invasion in Cyprus in 1974. Of course for many years continues the killing of Kurds.

This is the European Turkey.

May I also remind you that the prime minister of Turkey Erdogan will visit as a "conqueror" the occupied part of Cyprus in 20th of July to celebrate their crime of the of Turkish invasion in Cyprus in 1974 

Euripides Billis
Ex – Assistant Professor of Athens National Technical University of Athens (NTUA)

ATTACHMENT: George Horton's data about Turkish massacres from 1822 up till 1904


Turkish massacres from 1822 up till 1904
1822 Chios, Greeks                        50,000

1823 Missolongi, Greeks                  8,750

1826 Constantinople, Jannisaries    25,000

1850 Mosul, Assyrians                    10,000

1860 Lebanon, Maronites                12,000

1876 Bulgaria, Bulgarians              14,700

1877 Bayazid, Armenians                  1,400

1879 Alashguerd, Armenians            1,250

1881 Alexandria, Christians              2,000

1892 Mosul, Yezidies                       3,500

1894 Sassun, Armenians                 12,000

1895-96 Armenia, Armenians       150,000

1896 Constantinople, Armenians      9,570

1896 Van, Armenians                        8,000

1903-04 Macedonia, Macedonians  14,667

1904 Sassun, Armenians                   5,640


       Total                                      328,477

To this must be added the massacre in the province of Adana in 1909, of thirty thousand Armenians
Killing of 14,700 Bulgarians in 1876
(In “A Short History of the Near East”, Professor William Stearns Davis, of the University of Minnesota, referring to the Bulgarian atrocities 1876, says:

“What followed seems a massacre on a small scale compared with the slaughter of Armenians in 1915-16, but it was enough to paralyze the power of Disraeli to protect the Turks. In all, about twelve thousand Christians seem to have been massacred. At the thriving town of Batal five thousand out of seven thousand inhabitants seem to have perished. Of course neither age or sex was spared and lust and perfidy were added to other acts of devilish­ness. It is a pitiful commentary on a phase of Brit­ish politics that Disraeli and his fellow Tories tried their best to minimize the reports of these atroci­ties. They were not given to the world by official consular reports, but by private English journalists.”

The above is interesting, as it illustrates a quite common method of government procedure in such cases. The Tory does not seem to be a unique pro­duct of British politics).
The massacres already enumerated are a sufficient blot upon the Turkish name. They were made pos­sible by the teachings of the Koran, the example of Mohammed, lust and the desire for plunder.
They sink into insignificance when compared with the vast slaughter of more recent years, conducted under the auspices of Abdul Hamid, Talaat and Company, and Mustapha Khemal.

Immediately after the reestablishment of the Constitution, then, the first step of the dominant race was to solidify its supremacy by measures of suppression, oppression, and murder. The Turks also deliberately undertook to force all the non-Turkish races to become in language, laws, habits and almost all other particulars, “Ottomans.” (Professor Davis’ “Short History of the Near East”)

The persecution to which all the races in the Em­pire were subjected, with the exception of the Turks, is well-depicted in the following article in the “Nea Alethia”, a conservative journal published in the Greek language, in Saloniki, which used all its in­fluence in favor of harmony and moderation. The following is from the issue of July 10, 1910, or about two years after the declaration of the famous “Con­stitution”:
“Before two years are finished a secret commit­tee is unearthed in Constantinople, with branches all over in important commercial towns, whose inten­tions are declared to be subversive of the present state of affairs. In this committee are found many prominent men and members of Congress. All dis­content seen in the kingdom has its beginning in this perverted policy. Our rulers, according to their newly adopted system of centralization upon the ba­sis of the domination of the ruling race have given gall and wormwood to all the other races. They have displeased the Arabs by wishing them to abandon their language. They have alienated the Albanians by attempting to apply force, though conciliatory measures would have been better. They have dis­satisfied the Armenians by neglecting their lawful petitions. They have offended the Bulgarians by forcing them to live with foreigners brought pur­posely from other places. They have dissatisfied the Serbians by using against them measures the harshness of which is contrary to human laws.”

“But for us Greeks words are useless. We have every day before us such a vivid picture of persecution and extermination that however much we might say, would not be sufficient to express the magnitude of the misfortunes, which since two years have come upon our heads. It is acknowledged that the Greek race ranks second as a pillar of the Constitution and that it is the most valuable of those contributing to the prosperity of the Ottoman fatherland.”

“We have the right to ask, what have we, Otto­man Greeks, done that we should be so persecuted? The law-abiding character of the Ottoman Greeks is indisputable. To us were given promises that our rights would remain untouched. Despite this, laws are voted through which churches, schools, and cemeteries belonging to us are taken and given to others. Clergymen and teachers are imprisoned, citizens are beaten, from everywhere lamentation and weeping are heard.”

“With what joy we Ottoman Greeks hailed the rise of the 10th of July! With what eagerness we took part in the expedition of April, 1909! With what hopes we look forward even to-day to the fu­ture of this country! It is ours, and no power is able to separate us from it.”

“The Greeks are a power in Turkey; a moral and material power. This power it is impossible for our compatriot Turks to ignore. When will that day come when full agreement will exist between the two races! Then only hand in hand will both march for­ward, and Turkey will reach the height which is her due.”
The following is from my Saloniki diary, dated December 11, 1910:

“Wholesale arrests, in some of the towns all the prominent citizens being thrown into jail together.”

“Series of assassinations of chiefs of communi­ties, in broad day, in the streets. Fifty prominent Bulgarians thus shot down, and many Greeks.”

“The following figures were obtained from a re­port of the Turkish Parliament and locally con­firmed:

In the Sandjack of Uskub, 1,104 persons bas­tinadoed; Villayet of Monastir, 285 persons bastinadoed; Saloniki, 464 persons bastinadoed; (of these 11 died and 62 were permanently injured.) Casas of Yenidje-Vardar, Gevgeli, Vodena, 911 persons were bastinadoed.

All the prisons are crowded with Christians; many have fled into Bulgaria and thousands of men, women and children are hiding in the moun­tains.”

THE complete and documentary account of the ferocious persecutions of the Christian population of the Smyrna region, which occurred in 1914, is not difficult to obtain; but it will suffice, by way of illustration, to give only some extracts from a report by the French eye-witness, Manciet, concerning the massacre and pillage of Phocea, a town of eight thousand Greek inhabitants and about four hundred Turks, situated on the sea a short distance from Smyrna. The destruction of Phocea excited great interest in Marseilles, as colonists of the very ancient Greek town founded the French city. Pho­cea is the mother of Marseilles. Monsieur Manciet was present at the massacre and pillage of Phocea, and, together with three other Frenchman, Messieurs Sartiaux, Carlier and Dandria, saved hundreds of lives by courage and presence of mind.
"During the night the organized bands continued the pillage of the town. At the break of dawn there was continual “tres nourrie” firing before the houses. Going out immediately, we four, we saw the most atrocious spectacle of which it is possible to dream. This horde, which had entered the town, was armed with Gras rifles and cavalry muskets. A house was in flames. From all directions the Christians were rushing to the quays seeking boats to get away in, but since the night there were none left. Cries of terror mingled with the sound of firing. The panic was so great that a woman with her child was drowned in sixty centimeters of water.”
THE last act in the fearful drama of the extermi­nation of Christianity in the Byzantine Empire was the burning of Smyrna by the troops of Mustapha Khemal. The murder of the Armenian race had been practically consummated during the years 1915-1916, and the prosperous and populous Greek col­onies, with the exception of Smyrna itself, had been ferociously destroyed. The idea has been widely circulated, and seems to be gaining credence, that the Turk has changed his nature overnight.
Official statistics give the Armenian inhabitants of Smyrna as twenty-five thousand and it is certain that the larger part of the men of this community were killed, besides many women and girls, also numerous Greeks. A dispatch to the “London Daily Chronicle” of September 18, 1922, says: “The lowest estimate of lives lost given by the refugees, places the total at one hundred and twenty thousand.”

 The flourishing communities of Amasia, Caesaria, Trebizonde, Chaldes, Rhodopolis, Colonia, centers of Greek civilization for many hundreds of years have been practically annihilated in a persistent campaign of massacre, hanging, deportation, fire and rape. The victims amount to hundreds of thousands, bringing the sum total of exterminated Armenians and Greeks in the whole of the old Roman province of Asia up to the grand total of one million, five hundred thousand. Thus has been created that “regenerated” Turkey, which has been compared in some quarters to Switzerland and the United States.

Had the Greeks, after the massacres in the Pon­tus and at Smyrna, massacred all the Turks in Greece, the record would have been 50-50—almost.

Smyrna was burned by the Turks, as the concluding, at present, act in a consistent policy that has been shaping Moslem history and expansion for centuries, and especially Turkish history since the coming to power of the Young Turks, as displayed in the “Turkifying” murders, tortures and persecutions in Macedonia that led to the First Balkan War (1912); the killing and driving from their homes of the Greeks of Asia Minor during the period just preceding the outbreak of the World War and the destruction of their flourishing villages, (as described by the Frenchman Manciet, writing of the scenes at Phocaea); the deportation of Greeks, men, women and children in the midwinter of 1916, from  the Black Sea region, forcing them to walk in the inclement weather till many thousands perished (as mentioned by Dana K. Getchell, in his letter given above); the doing to death of between eight hundred thousand and a million Armenians in 1915-16; the burning of Smyrna and the massacre of thousands of its inhabitants in 1922.

The Turks can not regain the confidence and respect of the civilized world until they repent sincerely of their crimes and make all restitution in their power.

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